The knee prosthesis
This involves the surgical replacement of the articular surfaces of the femur and tibia with artificial components in order to reproduce all the movements of the arthritic joint as faithfully as possible.
Total knee arthroplasty, performed daily in specialized facilities, involves the removal of worn cartilage on the articular surfaces of the femur and tibia by means of techniques to prepare the bone that will house the components and the positioning of the femoral and tibial components on the two surfaces, so that they “cover” the old surface.
The insertion of the tibial insert makes the two surfaces congruent, allowing the new joint to move.
Total knee replacement is recommended in cases of diffuse joint arthrosis.
If the arthrosis only affects one compartment, in the vast majority of cases the medial compartment, the implantation of a uni-compartmental prosthesis is recommended instead, which onlyreplaces the articular cartilages of the femoral condyle and the corresponding tibial hemiplateau affected by arthrosis.
SPORTS THAT ARE RECOMMENDED AND NOT RECOMMENDED BY THE KNEE SOCIETY
GRUPPO BIOIMPIANTI s.r.l. – Via Liguria 28, 20068 Peschiera Borromeo (Milan) – Italy
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